1.Which of the following is the most appropriate title for the passage?

a.Banking

b.The Federal Reserve System

c.The Board of Governors

d.Monetary Policies

2.The word overseeing in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to

a.Supervising

b.Maintaining

c.Financing

d.stimulating

3.The word confirmed in the paragraph 1 could best be replaced by

a.modified

b.considered

c.examined

d.approved

 

4.According to the passage, the principal responsibility of the Federal Reserve System is

a.to borrow money

b.to regulate monetary policies

c.to print government securities

d.to appoint the Board of Governors

5.The word securities in the paragraph 2 is intended to mean

a.Debs

b.Bonds

c.protection

d.confidence

6.What happen when the Federal Reserve provides too little money?

a.Demand for loans increases.

b.Unemployment slows down.

c.Interest rates go up

d.Business expand

7.In paragraph 2, the author suggests that inflation is caused by

a.high unemployment rates

b.too much money in the economy

c.very high fuel prices

d.a limited supply of goods

8.What does the author mean by the statement However, in practice, the Federal Reserve does not stray from the financial policies established by the executive branch of the government?

a.The Fed more powerful than the executive branch of the government.

b.The policies of the Fed and of the executive branch of the government are not the same.

c.The Fed tends to follow the policies of the executive branch of the government.

d.The Fed reports to the executive branch of the government.

9.All of the following statements could be included in summary of the passage EXCEPT:

a.TheFederal Reserve is an independent agency of the United States government.

b.The Federal Reserve controls the flow of money and credit by buying and selling government securities.

c.The Federal Reserve issues new coins and currency to banks.

d.The Federal Reserve receives its yearly budget from Congress.

Quiz : STRUCTURE

Problem 98    Degrees of Comparison–Irregular   Adjectives

Comparative–            Superlative–

Adjective            to compare two          to compare three or more

bad                 worse             the worst

far                   farther                        the farthest

further                        the furthest

good               better              the best

little                 less                 the least

many              more               the most

much              more               the most

irregular

comparative     than

This ice cream is             better            than           the other brands

irregular

superlative

This ice cream is            the best                of all

Incorrect:  These photographs are very good, but that one is the better of all.

Correct  : these photographs are very good, but that one is the best of all.

Incorrect:        Please give me much sugar than you did last time.

Correct  :        Please give me more  sugar than you did last time.

Incorrect:        This composition is more good than your last one.

Correct  :        This composition is the most  good than your last one.

Problem 99    Degrees of Comparison–Comparative Adverbs

more adverb (two + syllables)

(less) adverb (two + syllables)

adverb –er (one syllable)      than

We finished the test                more rapidly                   than   Mark

We finished the test                 less rapidly                    than   Mark

We finished the test                      faster                than   Mark

the most adverb (two + syllables)

the least adverb (two + syllables)

adverb –est (one syllable)

We finished the test                     the most rapidly                    of all

We finished the test                     the least rapidly                    of all

We finished the test                         the fastest

Incorrect:  The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained the most bitter about the grading system.

Correct  :  The students in Dr. Neal’s class complained bitter than about the grading system.

Incorrect:        I wish we could see each other more frequenter.

Correct  :        I wish we could see each other more frequently.

Incorrect:        He drives more fast than she does.

Correct  :        He drives faster than she does.

Problem 100               Double Comparative

CAUSE                                              RESULT

The comparative   S       V       the  comparative        S              V

The        more     you  review, the     easier     the patterns        will be

Incorrect:  The less one earns, the lesser one must pay in income taxes.

Correct  :the less one earns, the less one must pay in income taxes.

Incorrect:  The louder he shouted, less he convinced anyone.

Correct  :the louder he shouted, the less he convinced anyone.

Incorrect:  The more you practice speaking, the well you will do it.

Correct  :the more you practice speaking, the weller you will do it.

Problem101   Illogic Comparatives  General Similarity  and Difference

noun (singular)             different    from   that

Football in the U.S.is    different      from  that   in other countries

noun (plural)                   different     from    those

The rules         are       different    from    those    of soccer

Incorrect:        The English that is spoken in Canada is similar to the United States.

Correct  :        The English that is spoken in Canada is different from that the United States.

Incorrect:        Drugstores here are not like at home.

Correct  :        Drugstores here are not different from that at home.

Incorrect:        The time in New York City differs here hours from        Los Angeles.

Correct  :        The time in New York City differs here hours different from those of Los Angeles.

Problem 102               Illogical Comparatives–Degrees

more + adjective

noun (singular)            adjective –er     than that

The climate in the North  is    more severe      than  that of the South

The climate in the North  is                  colder            than that of the South

more + adjective

noun (plural)        adjective –er             than   those

The prices   are    more expensive       than   those   of the South

The prices    are        higher                       than   those  of the South

Incorrect:        The audience is much larger than last year’s    concert.

Correct  :        The audience is much larger than that of last year’s concert.

Incorrect:        The rooms in the front are much noisier than the back.

Correct  :        The rooms in the front are much noisier than those in the back.

Incorrect:        The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than Bank Plus.

Correct  :        The interest on savings account at City Bank are higher than those of Bank Plus.