READING COMPREHENSION

1. What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?

A.  To describe the San Andreas Fault

B.  To give a definition of a fault

C.  To explain the reason for tremors and earthquakes

D.  To classify different kinds of faults

2. How does the author define the San Andreas Fault?

A.  A plate that underlies the North American continent

B.  A crack in the Earth’s crush between two plates.

C.  Occasional tremors and earthquakes

D.  Intense pressure that builds up

3. The word originates in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by

A.  gets wider                                    C.  begins

B.  changes direction                      D.  disappears

4. In which direction does the western side of the fault move?

A.  West           B. East         C.  North       D.  South

5. The word it in the paragraph 1 refers  to

A.  San Francisco    B. ocean         C.  coast        D.  fault

6. The word intermittent in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by which one of the following?

A.  dangerous                       C.  uncommon

B.  predictable                     D.  occasional

7. Along the San Andreas Fault, tremors are

A.  small and insignificant             C.  frequent events

B.  rare, but disastrous                 D.  very unpredictable

8. The phrase “the Big One” refers to which of the following?

A.  A serious earthquake    C.  The river scale

B.  The San Andreas Fault            D.  California

9. Which of the following words best describes the San Andreas Fault?

A. Straight       B. Deep            C. Wide             D. Rough

Quiz : STRUCTURE

Problem 52  Count Nouns

Number (plural)                           Noun (count-plural)

sixty                                                 years

Incorrect         :  Several of the people in this class speak three or four language.

Correct         :  Several of the people in this class speak three or four leanguages .

– Incorrect      :  The temperature has risen ten degree in two hours.

Correct         :  The temperature has risen ten degrees in two hours.

– Incorrect      :  The teacher has ordered two book, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.

Correct         :  The teacher has ordered two books, but they aren’t in at the bookstore.

Problem 53 :  Nouncount Nouns

Noun (noncount)                            verb (singular)

Friendship                                       is                             important

Incorrect:  Bread are expensive in the grocery store on the corner.

Correct  :bread is expensive in the grocery store on the corner.

Incorrect:  I like my tea with the milk.

Correct  :  I like my tea with milk.

Incorrect:  If you open the door, airs will circulate better.

Correct  :  If you open the door,air will circulate better.

Problem 54 Nouns with Count and   Nouncount Meaning

a document

I have                             a paper                                           due Monday

construction material

Let’s use                           paper                                           to make the present

Incorrect      :  My neighbor dislikes a noise.

Correct           :  My neighbor dislikesnoises. (all sounds)

Incorrect      :  We need glass for the juice.

Correct           :  We need  glasses for the juice.

or

We need a glass for the juice.  (containers)

Incorrect      :  A war is as old as mankind.

Correct           :war is as old as mankind. (the act of war)

Problem 55 Count and Nouncount Nouns with Similar Meanings

a            noun (count)

The shape of                        a            snowflake                is unique

Incorrect      :  We are late because we got stuck in a traffic.

Correct           :  We are late because we got stuck in

Traffic.

We are late because we got stuck in a traffic jam.

Incorrect      :  A machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.

Correct           :machinery in the factory needs to be fixed.

or

 Machine in the factory needs to be fixed.

Incorrect      :  We are supposed to have a sunshine this weekend.

Correct           :  We are supposed to havesunshine this weekend.

Problem 56  Noncount Nouns that Are Count Nouns in Other Languages

Noun (noncount)

Did you do your                                homework

.

Incorrect      :  George had a good luck when he first came to State University.

Correct           :  George had good luck when he first came to State University.

Incorrect      :  A news was released about the hostages.

Correct           :news was released about the hostages.

Incorrect      :  Did you get a permission to take the placement test.

Correct           :  Did you get permission to take the placement test.

Problem 57 Singular and Plural Expression of  Noncount Nouns

a               singular         of         noun (noncount)

A folk song    a                      piece              of         Popular music

number                      plural       of         noun (noncount)

I order             twelve                            bars             of         soap

Incorrect      :  Each furniture in this display is on sale for half  price.

Correct           :   Each pieces furniture in this display is on sale for half price.

Incorrect      :  I’d like a steak, a salad, and a corn’s ear with butter.

Correct           :  I’d like a steak, a salad, and a piece of corn with butter.

Incorrect      :  The Engineering Department purchased a new equipment to stimulate

conditions in outer space.

Correct           :  The Engineering Department purchased a new piece of equipment to

stimulate condition in outer space.

Problem 58 Classifications–Kind and Type kinds                                 noun (plural count)

types               of          (noncount)

Cable TV has many different                     kinds              of         shows

Dr. Parker gives several              types               of         homework

kind                            noun (singular count)

one                 type                 of                  (noncount)

One                kind                of                       show                                   Is news

One                type                 of                    homework                   is a lab report

Incorrect      :  This exam has two types problems.

Correct           :  This exam has two types of problems.

Incorrect      :  Are you looking for a special kinds of car?

Correct           :  Are you looking for a special kinds of car?

Incorrect      :  I only know how to run one type a computer program.

Correct           :  I only know how to run one type of computer program.

Problem 59 Infinitive and –ing Subject

S (infinitive)                        V

To read     a foreign language                   is            even more difficult  S (-ing)                                 V

Reading     quickly and well                  requires      practice

Incorrect      :  Shoplift is considered a serious crime.

Correct           :  shoping lift is considered a serious crime.

or

To shop lift is considered a serious crime.

Incorrect      :  The rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.

Correct           :  resting in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.

or

To rest in the afternoon is a custom in many countries.

Incorrect      :  To exercising makes most people feel better.

Correct           :  to exercise makes most people feel better.

or

Exercising makes most people feel better.

Problem 60 Qualifying Phrases with –ing Nouns

qualifying phrase

the        -ing               of           noun

The     reading                      of technical material                        requires knowledge of technical terms

Incorrect      :  Winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.

Correct        :  the winning of prizes is not as important as playing well.

Incorrect      :  Sending of electronic mail (e-mail) is now common.

Correct        :  the sending of electronic mail ( e-mail) is now common.

Incorrect      :  Singing of Christmas carols is an old tradition.

Correct        :  the singing of chistmas carols is an old tradition.

Problem 61 Nominal That Clause

Nominal that clause                           S                              V

That vitamin C prevents colds                   is                     well known

Incorrect      :  Is likely that the library is closed.

Correct        :  that the library is closed is likely.

Incorrect      :  She will win is almost certain.

Correct        : that she will win is almost certain.

Incorrect      :  That is not fair seems obvious.

Correct        :  that fair seems obvious.